Washington International Law Journal


Ulrich Immenga


This article discusses the conflicts between trade regulation and competition policy. It begins with a survey of the effect of restrictive practices—particularly those like export cartels that are exempted from competition law regulation—and continues with a critique of national support and authorization for restrictive practices as well as protective state activities, including antidumping rules, rules against "unfair" trade practices, and voluntary export restraints. The article concludes with a summary of unilateral, bilateral, and multilateral approaches to a more effective international regime for competition policy. It also introduces the recommendation for a Draft International Antitrust Code, which was submitted to GATT.

First Page