In the recent case of United States v. Aarons, the failure of the Coast Guard to publish one of its substantive rules in the Federal Register was held not to bar conviction for violation of the rule where the defendants had actual knowledge of the contents of the rule violated. In so holding the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit refused to follow the Ninth Circuit decision to the contrary in Hotch v. United States.
Administrative Law—Notice of Unpublished Rules,
Wash. L. & Rev.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.law.uw.edu/wlr/vol38/iss2/27