Ryan Calo, The Case for a Federal Robotics Commission Brookings Institute (2014), https://digitalcommons.law.uw.edu/faculty-articles/642
The Case for a Federal Robotics Commission
robots, robotics, technology, administrative law, agencies, policy
Physical systems that sense, process, and act upon the world — robots, in other words — are increasingly commonplace. The systems enable novel forms of human experience and, as such, challenge prevailing assumptions of law and policy.
In this paper, I explore whether advances in robotics call for a standalone body within the federal government. I tentatively conclude that the United States would benefit from an agency dedicated to the responsible integration of robotics technologies into American society. Robots, like radio or trains, make possible new human experiences and create distinct but related challenges that would benefit from being examined and treated together. They do require special expertise to understand and may require investment and coordination to thrive.
The institution I have in mind would not “regulate” robotics in the sense of fashioning rules regarding their use, at least not in any initial incarnation. Rather, the agency would advise on issues at all levels — state and federal, domestic and foreign, civil and criminal — that touch upon the unique aspects of robotics and artificial intelligence and the novel human experiences these technologies generate.