Article Title

Pragmatism Rules


Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, FRCP, Fed. R. Civ. P., court rules, statutory interpretation, statutory construction, administrative law, managerial interpretation, Supreme Court, Roberts Court, rulemaking, Advisory Committee, Judicial Conference

Document Type



The Roberts Court’s decisions interpreting the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure are reshaping the litigation landscape. Yet neither scholars, nor the Court itself, have articulated a coherent theory of interpretation for the Rules. This Article constructs a theory of Rules interpretation by discerning and critically examining the two starkly different methodologies the Roberts Court applies in its Rules cases. It traces the roots of both methodologies, explaining how they arise from — and reinforce — structural, linguistic, and epistemological tensions inherent in the Rules and the rulemaking process. Then, drawing from administrative law, it suggests a theoretical framework that accommodates both. This theory simultaneously advances our understanding of the Rules and challenges the hegemony of statutes, which currently provide the dominant — if not sole — blueprint for theories of interpretation.



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