Washington International Law Journal


Tobias Damm-Luhr translated this law into English.


The following is a translation of Certain Opinions of the State Council [and the] Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (“CCP”) on Promoting the Stable Development of Agriculture and Continuing to Increase Farmers’ Incomes in 2009 (“2009 No. 1 Document”), which the CPC Central Committee and the State Council promulgated on December 31, 2008, and made public on February 2, 2009. It calls on “every region and every department” to seriously study the blueprint created by the Third Plenary Session of the CPC’s 17th Central Committee, namely the Decision on Certain Issues Concerning the Advancement of Rural Reform and Development (“2008 Decision”). Compared to the 2008 Decision, the 2009 No. 1 Document covers a narrower range of issues, but provides greater detail. It mainly focuses on support and protection of agriculture, increase of agricultural production, material support and service systems for agriculture, basic rural management systems, and unifying social and economic development of rural and urban areas. It is notable that the 2009 No.1 Document uses language similar to that of the 2008 Decision in several places. The 2009 No. 1 Document contains descriptions of general and specific goals as well as implementation measures related to improving the situation of China’s countryside. This translation only includes content that relates to land-use rights.

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