Washington International Law Journal


This Article offers a new perspective of contract law as emergency law. Doctrines of impossibility, supervening events, force majeure, and good faith performance are core principles resiliently allowing parties to address contract nonperformance under state of emergency crises. Comparatively, China prefers drastic measures to confront contract nonperformance problems by issuing Certificates of Force Majeure, permitting Chinese companies to escape contract liability and forfeiting the resiliency of contract law as emergency law. The Article argues that the pandemic reaffirms the role of contract law as emergency law and urges governments to solidify the freedom to contract.