This Article serves as a model for sender states to consider when designing and implementing unilateral sanctions and also provides a framework for targeted states to challenge the legality of sanctions. In this context, the Article investigates several multilateral treaties, including the United Nations (“UN”) Charter and its principles of nonintervention and sovereignty and its rights-based boundaries. The Article also investigates other rights-based treaties to determine if their member states may have any extraterritorial obligations to promote human rights beyond their borders. In addition, the Article analyses International Court of Justice (“ICJ”) rulings in cases where one party claims that the opponent is responsible for the rights infringements caused by its unilateral sanctions. It endeavors to determine whether a sender state may be held contributory liable as a proximate cause for the collateral damages that result from its measures on the people of the targeted state.
Seyed M. Rowhani,
Rights-Based Boundaries of Unilateral Sanctions,
32 Wash. Int’l L.J.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.law.uw.edu/wilj/vol32/iss2/3