Although the Juvenile Court is considered a 20th-century development, the middle of the 19th century saw the establishment in several eastern states of private hearings in cases involving children and the creation of special reform schools for juveniles. This action marked the first formalized recognition of the need for specialized procedures whereby the Anglo-Saxon judicial tradition of affording special protection to children might be continued.
Van R. Hinkle,
The Juvenile Court Law of Washington: Its History and Basic Considerations for Its Revision,
32 Wash. L. Rev. & St. B.J.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.law.uw.edu/wlr/vol32/iss4/11